The Valley of Geysers 75th Anniversary

14.04.2016 05:43:08 (GMT+12)

The Valley of Geysers 75th Anniversary
Photo coverage:: http://www.poluostrov-kamchatka.ru/pknews/photos/detail.php?ID=4759

On April 14th 1941 one of the outstanding discoveries of the XX century was made. Kronotsky Reserve scientists Tatyana Ustinova and Anisifor Krupenin found the first geyser in Eurasia.

In April 1941 Kronotsky Reserve geologist Tatyana Ustinova and inspector Anisifor Krupenin were surveying Shumnaya and Tihaya rivers upstream. On April 14th they found an unknown warm river. Then suddenly they saw a hot water fountain on a far bank. It was the first geyser found in Kamchatka. It was called Pervenets (Firstborn).

The systematic study of all geysers, hot springs and mud pools started only after the end of World War II. It is when The Valley of Geysers became known to the world.

The Valley of Geysers is a long basin about 4 km wide, 400 m deep and 8 km long. There are approximately 50 geysers, dozens of hot springs, water and mud pools.

The Valley of Geysers beautifully combines volcanic activity and biodiversity. Spring here starts in April - one month earlier than in other parts of Kamchatka. Bears come out of their lairs and go to geysers to eat fresh grass and play their mating games. Underground heat in the Valley of Geysers is used by some species of birds, which make their nests on the warm ground. For example, Kamchatka wagtail spends less time hatching, because of the underground heat.

A lot of geological events happen in the valley of the river Geysernaya. It attracts scientists, tourists and photographers every year. In 2015 this unique place was visited by about 5000 tourists.

Translated by Ksenia Skotnikova.